Spondylosis refers to degenerative changes in the spine such as bone spurs and degenerating intervertebral discs. Bone spurs mainly occurs in the spine, they can cause pain and loss of motion, but they can also pinch the nerves or spinal cord. Spondylosis changes in the spine is referred as osteoathrities also.
Spondylosis may occur in the cervical spine (neck), thoracic spine (upper and mid back), or lumbar spine (low back). Lumbar spondylosis and cervical spondylosis are the most common.
Back pain — the most common symptom of AS — and stiffness get worse with rest, so you're probably at your worst in the morning, just when you want to get your day started. You might also have pain and stiffness in other areas of your body, such as your neck, shoulders, hips, or feet.
As it's important to work with your doctor to find the best medications for AS, there are also some natural pain-relief strategies to help manage back pain and other symptoms, and you can use many of them every day:
1. Exercise and stretching: If you have ankylosing spondylitis, you need to stay active to maintain your flexibility. A fitness professional can design the right all the exrecises and stretching program for you, including when to work out. Later in the day when you're less stiff may be the best time.
2. Good posture: “Check your posture frequently both at home and at work. Reinforce good posture by regularly checking your alignment against a wall. You don’t want your spine to stiffen into a bent position, so aim for tall and straight.
3. Good posture in bed: Sleep posture is also important. Sleeping on your belly is best for your posture, but some people can only sleep on their side or back.” If you're in that group, try spending a few minutes of your awake time lying facedown on your bed. For comfort, you can turn your head from side to side. This exercise helps promote better daily posture. Work up to 20-minute sessions to help with back pain relief.
4. Massage. “Massage therapy, when performed by a therapist accustomed to working with ankylosing spondylitis, may be helpful.
5. Yoga. “Yoga is a great natural pain reliever for ankylosing spondylitis,”. "You need to start with very basic poses and be patient, but if you work with an instructor who can modify the yoga positions for you, you can really benefit from this form of exercise."
What Are Spondylosis Symptoms and Signs
Most people with spondylosis on X-ray do not have any symptoms. In fact, lumbar spondylosis (spondylosis in the low back) is present in 27%-37% of people without symptoms. In some people, spondylosis causes backpain and neck pain due to nerve compression (pinched nerves). Pinched nerves in the neck can cause pain in the neck or shoulders and headpain. Nerve compression is caused by bulging discs and bone spurs on the facet joints, causing narrowing of the holes where the nerve roots exit the spinal canal (foraminal stenosis). Characteristic findings of spondylosis can be visualized with X-ray tests.
What Is the Treatment for Spondylosis
There is no treatment to reverse the process of spondylosis, because it is a degenerative process. The treatments for spondylosis target the back pain and neck pain that spondylosis can cause. Therefore, the treatment of spondylosis is similar to the treatment of back pain and neck pain. Available treatments fall into several categories: medications, self-care, exercises and physical therapy, adjunctive therapies ,minimally invasive procedures such as injections, and surgery.